## What to Expect?

"The math department is great because it is flexible enough that I have time to take a wide array of classes that allow me to experience and understand all the different applications and approaches of mathematics."

-Nathan Anderston-Stahl '16

In addition to a solid foundation of courses in mathematics, the math Program of Emphasis (POE) provides you with choices from specialized sequences in applied mathematics, theoretical mathematics, and mathematical applications. Or, try the mathematics and secondary education POE. Through it, you can receive excellent preparation for becoming a high school mathematics teacher by taking a full slate of mathematics courses and receiving exceptional instruction in Juniata's Education Department.

As you move through the POE, you can participate in extracurricular activities such
as **conferences** for undergraduates, an international math modeling contest, and math talks in a colloquium
series. Get involved as Juniata hosts the **American Mathematics Competition**, an annual event. Or, take Statistical Consulting, a **service-learning course** where Juniata's math students complete data analyses for campus and community organizations.
The math department also has an alumni panel that returns during Homecoming to teach
students about their careers and mentor them in discovering the right opportunities.

What your four years in the Mathematics Department at Juniata College might look like:

### Freshman Year

- Begin the calculus sequence and explore other introductory courses.

- Calculus I and II
- Discrete Structures
- Linear Algebra, Probability and Statistics, and/or Computer Science I

- Information about AP credit for Calculus AB and BC
- Secondary Education students also take Foundations of Education and Adolescent Development
- Join the Null Set, our mathematics club

### Sophomore Year

- Complete the calculus sequence with Calculus III and focus on proofs in Foundations of Mathematics
- Explore related areas such as computer science, finance, economics, physics, and other sciences as you plan your program of emphasis
- Students' interest in actuarial work should take additional courses outside the mathematics department

### Junior Year

- Take upper-level courses in both pure and applied mathematics:

Mathematical Modeling Geometry Combinatorics The Nature of Mathematics Advanced Probability and Statistics Abstract Algebra Differential Equations Real Analysis Numerical Analysis Special Topics - Consider studying abroad
- Go to the Mathematical Association of America section meeting in the spring
- Secondary Education students do their pre-student teaching in the spring
- Consider a summer internship or research experience

### Senior Year

- Choose additional upper-level courses, including the Mathematics Seminar.
- Students pursuing Distinction in the POE should complete a research project.
- Secondary Education students spend the fall semester student teaching.

### Courses

MA-100 Precalculus (Fall & Spring; Yearly; 3.00 Credits; N,QM) This course is designed for students who need a structured review of precalculus mathematics. Topics covered include solving equations and inequalities, graphing, and analysis of functions, including polynomial and rational functions, exponential and logarithmic functions and trigonometric functions. Integrates the use of the software package Maple in classroom demonstrations and homework assignments. This course cannot be included in a mathematics POE. Prerequisites: High school algebra and trigonometry.

MA-103 Quantitative Methods (Fall & Spring; Yearly; 3.00 Credits; Q) This course prepares students to be quantitatively literate citizens in today's world. By learning to think critically about quantitative issues, students will be able to make responsible decisions in their daily lives. Problems are analyzed and solved using numerical, graphical, statistical, and algebraic reasoning. Technology is used to help visualize data and facilitate calculations, as well as to present quantitative output and verbal arguments.

MA-116 Discrete Structures (Fall; Yearly; 4.00 Credits; N,Q) Introduces mathematical structures and concepts such as functions, relations, logic, induction, counting, and graph theory. Their application to Computer Science is emphasized. Pre-requisite high school algebra.

MA-130 Calculus I (Fall & Spring; Yearly; 4.00 Credits; N,QM) An introduction to calculus including differentiation and integration of elementary functions of a single variable, limits, tangents, rates of change, maxima and minima, area, volume, and other applications. Integrates the use of computer algebra systems, and graphical, algebraic and numerical thinking.

MA-155 The Heart of Mathematics (Fall & Spring; Yearly; 3.00 Credits; N,WK-FR) The goal of this course is to give a broad range of students the hands-on experience of doing mathematics. Topics may include infinity, higher dimensions, chaos, and graph theory. The emphasis will be on the process of doing mathematics: generating examples, looking for patterns, making conjectures, and proving these conjectures. Prerequisites: FYC 101.

MA-160 Linear Algebra (Fall & Spring; Variable; 3.00 Credits; N,QM) An introduction to systems of linear equations, matrices, determinants, vector spaces, linear transformations, eigenvalues, and applications.Prerequisites: MA130.

MA-199 Special Topics (Variable; Variable; 1.00-4.00 Credits) An introduction to one of the branches of mathematics not currently included in the regular course offerings.

MA-208 Symbolic Logic (Fall; Yearly; 3.00 Credits; N,H,WK-FR) An introduction to the basics of first-order logic: the concept of artificial language, techniques for symbolizing ordinary languages and arguments, formal inference systems (either truth- free method or natural deduction), and other advanced topics in first-order logic. It has no prerequisites beyond high school algebra.

MA-210 Foundations of Mathematics (Fall; Yearly; 3.00 Credits; CW) An introduction to the logical and set-theoretic basis of modern mathematics. Topics covered include propositional and predicate logic; induction; naive and axiomatic set theory, binary relations, mappings, infinite sets and cardinality; finite sets and combinatorics; and an introduction to the theory of computability. Students will learn to read and to express mathematical ideas in the set-theoretic idiom. Prerequisites: MA160 or MA116 or PL208 or MA208 or permission of the instructor.

MA-220 Introduction to Probability & Statistics (Fall & Spring; Variable; 4.00 Credits; N,QS) An introduction to the basic ideas and techniques of probability theory and to selected topics in statistics, such as sampling theory, confidence intervals, and linear regression. Prerequisite: MA130.

MA-230 Calculus II (Fall & Spring; Yearly; 4.00 Credits; N,QM) Expands the treatment of two-space using polar and parametric equations. Emphasizes multivariable calculus, including vectors in three dimensions, curves and surfaces in space, functions of several variables, partial differentiation, multiple integration, and applications. Prerequisite: MA130.

MA-233 Integrals Series & Differential Equations (Fall; Yearly; 2.00 Credits; N) Integration, Taylor and Fourier series, and an introduction to differential equations, with applications and the use of the software package Maple. (Course meets four times per week and concludes at midterm.) Note: A student may receive credit for MA233 or MA235, but not for both. Prerequisite: MA130.

MA-235 Calculus III (Fall; Yearly; 4.00 Credits; N,QM) A continuation of the calculus sequence. Topics include methods of integration by Simpson's Rule, applications, Taylor and Fourier series; introduction to ordinary differential equations; integration in polar, cylindrical, and spherical coordinates; differential and integral vector calculus. Prerequisites: MA230.

MA-299 Special Topics (Variable; Variable; 1.00-4.00 Credits) An introduction to one of the branches of mathematics not currently in the regular course offerings. Prerequisites: Vary depending on course offering.

MA-303 Mathematical Modeling (Fall; Yearly; 3.00 Credits; N,QM,CW) How to use mathematics to model " real-world " problems. Modeling topics range from population dynamics to economics to the nuclear arms race. Mathematical tools range from calculus to curve fitting to computer simulation. How to make a little bit of mathematics go a long way. Note: MA160 is recommended. Prerequisite: MA130 and experience with programming and Minitab.

MA-316 Combinatorics (Fall; Even Years; 3.00 Credits; QM,N) Advanced counting: what they didn't teach you on Sesame Street. An introduction to graphs, trees, and enumeration techniques with applications to computer science and biology. Prerequisites: MA116 or MA210 or MA220 or permission of the instructor.

MA-321 Multivariate Statistics (Spring; Variable; 3.00 Credits; N,QS) A class in multivariate statistical techniques including non-parametric methods, multiple regression, logistic regression, multiple testing, principle analysis. Prerequisites: An introductory statistics course ( MA220 or BI305 or PY214 or EB211) and linear algebra (MA 160) or Calculus 1 (MA 130).

MA-322 Probability (Spring; Even Years; 3.00 Credits; N,QM) Topics in probability including discrete and continuous random variables, expectations, mean, variance, moment generating functions, multivariate distributions, correlation, and independence, all leading to an efficient study of the binomial, Poisson, gamma, chi-square, and normal distributions. Prerequisites: MA220 and MA230; MA235 is recommended.

MA-325 Statistical Consulting (Variable; Variable; 3.00 Credits; N,QS,CW) The participating students will receive training during the semester in consulting on statistical problems and to assist in collaborative efforts with faculty and/or staff on client-partnered projects that are pre-determined. The semester long project provides the student with both real work experience in the field of statistics and a project based learning experience in partnership with the client. May be taken multiple times for credit. Prerequisites: MA220 or BI305 or PY214 or EB211 or permission of the instructor. This course meets the CW requirement and is a service-learning (SL) course.

MA-335 Differential Equations (Spring; Yearly; 4.00 Credits; N,QM) Theory and application of ordinary differential equations. Emphasis on modern qualitative techniques, with numerical and analytical approaches used when appropriate. Contains a brief introduction to partial differential equations. Prerequisites: MA130 and MA230 and MA235 or MA233.

MA-340 Numerical Analysis (Spring; Even Years; 3.00 Credits; N,QM) Theory and application of numerical approximation techniques. Topics included are numerical error, root-finding, interpolation and polynomial approximation, numerical differentiation and integration, and differential equations. Prerequisites: MA160, MA130 and CS110 or permission. (Also listed as CS340.)

MA-350 Topics in Geometry (Spring; Odd Years; 3.00 Credits; N) Examines thehistory and development of geometry with an axiomatic development of Euclidean geometry leading to an investigation of hyperbolic and elliptical non-Euclidean geometries. The roles of these discoveries in the history of mathematics are emphasized. Prerequisites: MA210 or PL208 or MA208.

MA-355 Nature of Mathematics (Spring; Odd Years; 1.00 Credit) An introduction to the history and philosophy of mathematics. Briefly traces the historical development of mathematics from its Oriental and Greek origins to modern times. Surveys the different philosophies of mathematics and provides some insight into the current crisis in the foundations of mathematics. Corequisite: MA350. Prerequisite: MA210 or PL208 or MA208.

MA-360 Abstract Algebra (Spring; Even Years; 3.00 Credits) Investigates the algebraic properties of the real numbers and their generalizations. Emphasis on group theory, with introductions to integral domains, rings, fields and vector spaces. Prerequisites: MA160 and MA210.

MA-365 Number Theory (Fall; Odd Years; 3.00 Credits; N) An investigation of topics in Elementary Number Theory including divisibility, primes, congruence, congruence equations, quadratic residues and quadratic reciprocity, arithmetic and multiplicative functions, Diophantine equations, and other topics selected according to interest. Prerequisites: MA210 or permission of the instructor.

MA-370 Real Analysis (Spring; Odd Years; 3.00 Credits; N) Focuses on functions of a real variable, sequences, limits, continuity, differentiation and the derivation of standard theorems of the differential calculus. Prerequisites: MA210 and MA230 and MA235.

MA-375 Complex Analysis (Fall; Even Years; 3.00 Credits; N) Algebra and geometry of the complex numbers, analytic functions, complex integration, Taylor and Laurent series, residue theory, physical applications, and other topics as time allows. Prerequisites: MA235.

MA-399 Special Topics (Variable; Variable; 1.00-4.00 Credits) An introduction to one of the branches of mathematics not currently included in the regular course offerings, such as number theory, history of mathematics, chaos and fractals, topology, graph theory, mathematical logic. Prerequisites: Vary depending on course offering. Note: abbreviated ST: Students may take each ST: course for credit.

MA-480 Mathematics Seminar I (Fall; Yearly; 1.00 Credit; N) A discussion-based study of current mathematical literature and modeling problems. Students will both apply their previous mathematical knowledge and explore new topics. In addition, students may use this course as preparation for an individual research project to be completed in MA485. A junior taking this course may repeat it as a senior as MA481. Prerequisites: junior or senior standing, MA160, MA210 and MA235 or permission of the instructor.

MA-481 Mathematics Seminar II (Fall; Yearly; 1.00 Credit; N) See MA480. Prerequisite: MA480.

MA-485 Mathematics Research (Fall & Spring; Yearly; 3.00-5.00 Credits; N) Allows students to pursue a program of directed original research in pure or applied mathematics. Required of candidates for distinction in mathematics POE. Prerequisites: MA480.

MA-490 Mathematics Internship/Needs Paperwork (Fall & Spring; Yearly; 2.00-9.00 Credits; N) Placement with an organization applying mathematical techniques such as statistical analysis, operations research, actuarial mathematics, or systems analysis. Designed to afford the student an opportunity to apply analytical and technical skills developed in the POE. Prerequisites: POE in Mathematics, permission and Jr. or Sr. Standing. Corequisite: MA495.

MA-495 Internship Research/Seminar (Fall & Spring; Yearly; 2.00-6.00 Credits; N) Requires students to reflect on the internship experience and/or pursue research related to the placement. Corequisite: MA490. Prerequisite: permission.

MA-TUT Mathematics Teaching Assistant (Variable; Variable; 1.00-3.00 Credits; N)